Armstrong joined Thiokol 's board in , after he was vice-chair of the Rogers Commission; the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed due to a problem with the Thiokol-manufactured solid rocket boosters. He served on additional aerospace boards, first United Airlines in , and later Eaton Corporation in He chaired the board through the company's merger with EDO Corporation , until his retirement in In , professional expedition leader Mike Dunn organized a trip to take men he deemed the "greatest explorers" to the North Pole.
They arrived at the Pole on April 6, Armstrong said he was curious to see what it looked like from the ground, as he had seen it only from the Moon. Armstrong's family described him as a "reluctant American hero". He was a humble person, and that's the way he remained after his lunar flight, as well as before. Michael Collins said in his book Carrying the Fire that when Armstrong moved to a dairy farm to become a college professor, it was like he "retreated to his castle and pulled up the drawbridge". Armstrong found this amusing, and said, " Andrew Chaikin says in A Man on the Moon that Armstrong kept a low profile but was not a recluse, citing his participation in interviews, advertisements for Chrysler, and hosting a cable television series.
Armstrong guarded the use of his name, image, and famous quote.
When it was launched in , MTV wanted to use his quote in its station identification , with the American flag replaced with the MTV logo, but he refused the use of his voice and likeness. The lawsuit was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum, which Armstrong donated to Purdue.
For many years, he wrote letters congratulating new Eagle Scouts on their accomplishment, but decided to quit the practice in the s because he felt the letters should be written by people who knew the scout. This contributed to the myth of his reclusiveness.
Around , he found out his signatures were being sold online, and that most of them were forgeries, and stopped giving autographs. Armstrong was approached by groups from both political parties but he declined the offers. He described his political leanings as favoring states' rights and opposing the United States acting as the "world's policeman". When Armstrong applied at a local Methodist church to lead a Boy Scout troop in the late s, he gave his religious affiliation as " deist ". Congress in which he thanked them for giving him the opportunity to see some of the grandest views of the Creator.
In March , the State Department responded by issuing a message to embassies and consulates in Muslim countries saying that Armstrong "has not converted to Islam". Part of the confusion arose from the similarity between the names of Armstrong's American residence in Lebanon, Ohio , and the country of Lebanon , which has a majority Muslim population.
He was made the first freeman of the burgh , and happily declared the town his home. Armstrong flew light aircraft for pleasure.
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He enjoyed gliders and before the moon flight had earned a gold badge with two diamonds from the International Gliding Commission. Well into his 70s he continued to fly engineless aircraft. While working at his farm near Lebanon, Ohio, in November , Armstrong jumped off the back of his grain truck and his wedding ring was caught in the wheel, tearing off the tip of his left hand's ring finger. He collected the severed digit and packed it in ice, and surgeons reattached it at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.
Armstrong and his first wife, Janet, separated in ,  and divorced in , after 38 years of marriage. She said little to Armstrong, but two weeks later he called her to ask what she was doing. He lived in Indian Hill, Ohio. Sizemore, unable to retrieve the hair, donated the proceeds to charity. Armstrong underwent bypass surgery on August 7, , to relieve coronary artery disease. Armstrong's family released a statement describing him as a "reluctant American hero [who had] served his nation proudly, as a navy fighter pilot, test pilot, and astronaut While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves.
For those who may ask what they can do to honor Neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink.
Buzz Aldrin called Armstrong "a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew", and said he was disappointed that they would not be able to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing together in Bolden, Jr.
A tribute was held for Armstrong on September 13, at Washington National Cathedral , whose Space Window depicts the Apollo 11 mission and holds a sliver of Moon rock amid its stained-glass panels. In his eulogy, Charles Bolden praised Armstrong's "courage, grace, and humility". Cernan recalled Armstrong's low-fuel approach to the Moon: "When the gauge says empty, we all know there's a gallon or two left in the tank! Collins led prayers. Armstrong then called on Conrad to solve the problem, which he did, and the mission proceeded.
In July , after observations of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, The New York Times reported on details of a medical malpractice suit Armstrong's family had filed against Mercy Health—Fairfield Hospital , where he died. When Armstrong appeared to be recovering from his bypass surgery, nurses removed the wires connected to his temporary pacemaker. He began to bleed internally and his blood pressure dropped. Doctors took him to the hospital's catheterization laboratory, and only later began operating. Two of the three physicians who reviewed the medical files during the lawsuit called this a serious error, saying surgery should have begun immediately; experts the Times talked to, while qualifying their judgement by noting that they were unable to review the specific records in the case, said that taking a patient in those circumstances to the operating room generally gave them the highest chance of survival.
The hospital, fearing the bad publicity that would result from being accused of negligently causing the death of a revered figure such as Armstrong, agreed to pay as long as the family never spoke about the suit or the settlement. She reportedly felt that her husband would have been opposed to taking legal action. Robert H. Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crewmates were the recipients of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution.
Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award. Eisenhower on March 10, , in a ceremony attended by Lovell and Cernan. Purdue University announced in October , that its new engineering building would be named Neil Armstrong Hall of Engineering ;  the building was dedicated on October 27, , during a ceremony at which Armstrong was joined by fourteen other Purdue astronauts. Armstrong Flight Research Center in Delivered to the Navy on September 23, , it is a modern oceanographic research platform supporting a wide range of activities by academic groups.
Armstrong , was published in For many years, he turned down biography offers from authors such as Stephen Ambrose and James A. Michener , but agreed to work with James R.
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Hansen after reading one of Hansen's other biographies. In July , Armstrong's sons put his collection of memorabilia up for sale, including his Boy Scout cap, and various flags and medals flown on his space missions. Armstrong donated his papers to Purdue. In a Space Foundation survey, Armstrong was ranked as the 1 most popular space hero;  and in , Flying magazine ranked him 1 on its list of 51 Heroes of Aviation. In , he said that a human mission to Mars would be easier than the lunar challenge of the s. In , he made a rare public criticism of the decision to cancel the Ares I launch vehicle and the Constellation Moon landing program.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Neil Armstrong disambiguation. American astronaut; first human to walk on the Moon. Wapakoneta, Ohio , U. Cincinnati, Ohio , U.
leondumoulin.nl/language/fire/scared-children-with-cars.php Purdue University , B. Janet Shearon m.
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